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Kalanamak Rice

Kalanamak Rice
25 March, 2021
Kalanamak is one of the finest quality scented rice of India. It derives its name from black husk (kala = black; the suffix ‘namak’ means salt). This variety has been in cultivation since the Buddhist period (600 BC). It is quite popular in Himalayan Tarai of eastern Uttar Pradesh, India, and is also known as the scented black pearl of Uttar Pradesh. It was also featured in the book 'Speciality rices of the world' by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Kalanamak Rice Of  Uttar Pradesh received the Geographical Indication of India tag on 09/09/2013.
Outshining basmati Kalanamak, a non-basmati scented rice variety grown primarily in the tarai region of Uttar Pradesh, is so named because its husk is black. This variety has raised much hope amongst Indian farmers and rice-exporters due to traits superior even to the most preferred basmati.
According to 'Study on indigenous aromatic rice' led by gbpuat professor U S Singh, kalanamak easily outclasses basmati type-3 for the primary trait of aroma . Its elongation after cooking -- a trait that is the second major determinant of prices in the international market -- is also greater: kalanamak's elongation to pre-elongation ratio is 2.2 to 2.7; in different basmati rice it is 1.8 to 2.0. In addition, great head rice recovery after polishing (unbroken grains that can then be marketed) adds to its profitability. This recovery rate for Basmati is usually 40 to 45 per cent; in kalanamak, it is more than 65 per cent. Regular users consider cooked kalanamak rice more palatable and digestible.
Salt, alkalinity Kalanamak also outclasses basmati in agronomical abilities. It's a successful adapter to usar soils characterised by higher salt concentration and high p h. The name itself -- 'namak', salt -- signifies this quality. Most of the 40 germplasm lines the gbpuat team tested on usar soil showed salt-tolerance at 70 millimolar nacl and good root/shoot growth at high p h of 9 to 9.5.
Kalanamak is also highly resistant to notorious, and in India common, rice diseases such as panicle blast, stem rot and brown spot. Bacterial blight is quite rarely observed. In this respect, this variety is significantly superior to Dehradun basmati: the latter is more susceptible to these diseases.
Drought tolerance Kalanamak is normally grown under rain-fed conditions and in uplands. The water requirement is quite low as compared to basmati. It doesn't need standing water during transplantation; instead, it goes through a unique process of double transplantation. This customary practice is called 'Kalam '.The first transplanting of 30 to 35 day-old seedlings is done in a bunch of five to six seedlings. After 25 to 30 days, these seedlings are uprooted, separated from each other, and again transplanted. The yield due to kalam is much greater than in single transplanting.
In the 2001-2003 drought in the tarai areas, when rice yield decreased up to 50 per cent in almost all varieties, kalanamak was unaffected.
Kala namak rice was used to be transported to England by Englishmen during British Raj. The story of kala namak is as old as origin of  Buddhism(600BC).  A Chinese monk wrote ”When Gautam Budhha visited Kapilvastu for first time  after attaining enlightment; he gifted Kala namak to the local people as “Prasad”.  He asked them to sow it in marshy land, it is due to this reason this rice is also called as “Buddha’s Gift”. This rice was also found in kitchen store of a house in UP in one of the excavation.
"Kalanamak is traditionally grown using no fertiliser, herbicide and pesticide, which makes it suitable for organic cultivation"
Kalanamak is grown in the tarai belt of UttarPradesh bordering Nepal, which comprises districts of Siddharthnagar, Sant Kabir Nagar, Maharajganj, Basti, Gonda and Gorakhpur. The main cultivation centre used to be Siddharthnagar.
Kalanamak rice is also accorded the ODOP status.
Kalanamak rice is rich in micro-nutrients such as Iron and Zinc. Therefore, having this rice is said to prevent diseases borne out of Iron and Zinc deficiencies. It is said that regular intake of Kalanamak rice can prevent Alzheimer's disease.
Do spend some time on for scented black pearl of Uttar Pradesh

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