Malabar pepper is a variety of black pepper that originated as a chance seedling in a geographical region that now forms part of the present-day state of Kerala in India. The area of production of this variety of pepper now covers all the geographical regions that were once part of the Malabar region of the erstwhile Madras Presidency. These regions now entail the entire South India area. Malabar pepper was one of the commodities most sought after by the ancient Roman and Arab traders, and later by the early European navigators. It was registered as one of the geographical indication from Kerala, Karnataka & Tamil Nadu on 21 Jan 2008.