Aipan is a ritualistic folk art from Uttarakhand's Kumaon region. It is created to memorialize auspicious moments, festivals, and even rites carried out during a person's death. The art form is also said to provide protection against evil. Previously only found on the floors and walls of homes, the art form is now found on a wide range of everyday objects and clothing. Aipan is a type of traditional folk art created by Uttarakhand women. With white paste created from rice flour, this art is done on the floor over a brick red background. On all major occasions, as well as domestic rites and rituals, traditional art is performed. These symbols are said to inspire divine power, bringing good fortune and warding off evil. Aipan painting in Uttarakhand has a distinct identity, as it is always done on vacant walls and on the ground, and it is a symbol of good fortune and fertility. Many other groups around the country practice the art form, which is utilized to decorate floors and walls in Puja rooms (places of devotion) and home entrances. Kumaon's Aipan (Alpana) is a style of painting. Drawings of various geometric and other figures relating to gods, goddesses, and natural objects adorn walls, papers, and pieces of cloth. This is also how pichhauras or dupattas are adorned. There is a practice of making clay idols (Dikaras) during Harela. 'Aepan, also known as Aipan or Alpana, is a Kumaoni art form that has a special place in every Kumaoni home.
Aipan Art's Background
The word "Aepan" is derived from the word "Arpan." "Likhai" is a commonly used term for it (writing). Despite the fact that it is a finger pattern. Pujas, festivals, and ceremonies associated with birth, janeu (the sacred thread ceremony), marriage, and death use Aepan as ceremonial designs. Simple ochre (Geru) color and rice paste are utilized as the raw materials. The last three fingers of the right hand are frequently used by women to paint designs on their homes' floors and walls. The artist draws the design freehand once the ochre base is complete. Aipan Art Products That Are In Demand Mango wood chowkies are handcrafted and hand-painted with unique designs for each occasion.
Pattas and Thapas are paintings that are painted directly on walls or on paper and cloth. Previously, natural dyes were utilized to make the paint. Posters and oil paintings are also employed nowadays. For cards, wall hangings, cushion covers, table cloths, and even T-shirts, we use traditional "patterns." Gift tags, bookmarks, clay items, wooden boxes, trays, and coasters have all been made using the ornamental designs that adorn entrances.